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Zlatograd municipality
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Museums



MUSEUM COLLECTIONS

The museum collection "Educational activities in the Middle Rhodopes".

Просветното дело в Средните РодопиWorking hours: every day
For groups:
organized, interpretation
Phone:
03071/ 25 51, 03071/ 24 18

The museum collection was founded in Zlatograd in 1978 and is the second of its kind in the country after the “Vasil Aprilov” High School in Gabrovo. In the museum you can see  a preserved to this day classroom,  a staff room and  teacher`s living room. Threre  you can experience the spirit of Enlightenment  and the  atmosphere of  Renaissance.

The museum collection that is located here tells us about the development of the education and the educators   as  Yakov Zmeykovich, Angel Kiryakov, Todor Krushovaliev, Zlatka Dimitrova and others.

 

МузейThe exposition shows how the students studied using the method of teaching each other: the older students taught the younger ones. The children were taught how to read, write, study grammar, history and botany. The textbooks and notebooks were distributed by Plovdiv`s booksellers, but they were printed in Thessaloniki. In the classroom we can see some special sandboxes used for writing , wax crayons, ink bottles, maps, an abacus and а long rod to keep the students obedient. One of the first textbooks at school was the Neofit`s gospel published during 1859 in London. The enlightener Angel Kiryakov used it secretly from the Greek clergy to teach the intelligent children of Zlatograd to write and read in Bulgarian language, not in Greek.

In 1855 Angel Kiryakov, who was one of the first teachers of Zlatograd, took  part in  the educators conference in Plovdiv, where the teaching of  Bulgarian language at schools was officially introduced . Despite the difficulties, the teachers of Zlatograd resolutely defended the Bulgarian interests and outlined the path of a  secular school.
Jacob Zmejkovic (1840 - 1913).

He was born in the village of Vrutok, Skopje region, in a family of Bulgarian farmers. He settled in Zlatograd in 1880. He came here with the task to strengthen the Bulgarian national spirit into the school, to stimulate its influence in the cultural progress and social life of community . He stopped the teachings of Turkish and Greek languages at school. He introduced official lectures,  established the celebration of May 24th , a girls' school was created with  a teacher  named Zlata Dimitrova from Edirne.

The Enlightenment  of  Zlatograd  was developed due to people like  Yakov Zmeykovich, Angel Kiryakov, Todor Krushovaliev, Zlata Dimitrova, Sofia Markova. Except educators, these Bulgarian Revival leaders did their best for freedom and the development of the town.

Some of the teachers were a part of  the Bulgarian National Movement and also participants in the National Liberation movement - Kircho Malashev, Nikola Hadjiangelov, Ivan Sadruzanov, Sofia Markova, Iliya Hadjidonchev and Kostadin Alexandrov.

On the second floor of the porchway there is situated  the so-called "Minderluk" –  there  the teachers were resting and they were able to  watch over  students, while they were playing in the yard  during the lunch break. Teachers used a bell to gather the students and to start the lesson. There is also  some handmade furniture on the porchway. The walls are covered with local woven carpets made of fur.

The Postal Museum

Музейна сбирка на съобщениятаworking hours: every day from 9.00 to 17.00
for groups: organized, translation
phone: 03071/24 86       

Музейна сбирка на съобщениятаIt is the only one in Bulgaria. The museum was announced in 1987 and is under the management of Bulgarian Posts. The exposition is located on 200 sq.m in a restored house in the area of the Ethnographic Complex, declared for a cultural monument.

It contains rich photographic materials and documents concerning the history and livelihood of the town since the establishment of the first Bulgarian Post Office. There are over 300 museum units: stamps, old telephones and telegraphs, photographs, morse machines, scales, manual postal scales, payroll from 1913, postal tracts ... It also includes documents, library and photo archives. The Postal Museum accepts tourist and local groups, and operates as a regular post office, which provides all kinds of services.

 

The museum collection at the church "St. Atanas"

The church "St. Athanasius the Great" was opened and illuminated in 1998 by Plovdiv`s Metropolitan Arseny. In addition to the temple, you can see a shop, a museum and a dwelling for the priest there,  on a total area of ​​250 sq.m . Three icons are given by the National Museum of History, as well as the unique bell that belonged to the Glozhene Monastery. The iconostasis is a work of Tryavna`s masters, and the 37 icons - of the Sofia family Lazarov and Sarova. The Museum of Christianity exhibits a cross, a candle lamp and an icon found during the renovation of the mosque of the village in 1916. Coins and pottery from the Thracian period are also on display.

The Ethnographic museum

Етнографски музейWork time: everyday/9:00-17:30
Groups:
organized, translation
Telephone:
03071/ 41 66, 25 88, 03071/ 25 17
Address: 4980 Zlatograd, „Evgenia Pachilova“ Street
Website: www.eac-bg.com
Email: eac@eac-bg.com

The Historical-Ethnographic exhibition is located in one of the two buildings that are a kind of architectural ensemble,  dates back from the second half of the nineteenth century, which bears the name of its former owners "Alexander's houses".

НосииAt the entrance people are welcomed by an employee, who is wearing traditional clothes, called „nosia“( mainly woman). She does not only accompany the guests, but also shows the essential features of the exhibition related to the traditional way of life and clothing of the people of Zlatograd. Especially interesting is the demonstration of women's skills in weaving and homework for the preparation of yarn - dragging, spinning, twisting, etc.

Archaeological finds from the Zlatograd ethno-cultural area are exhibited in the introductory hall. They are from four historical periods:

  1. The Thracians (the first historically attested population in our lands) - from 2000 BC to the conquest of the Thracian South Danube lands in 45. AD from the Roman Empire;
  2. The Roman rule - from the middle of the first century AD. until the end of the 4th century, when the Roman Empire split into two parts - Western and Eastern (359);
  3. In Early Byzantium - from the end of the IV century until the formation of the Bulgarian state in the second half of the VII century;
  4. 4. The Bulgarian state - from its creation to its fall under Ottoman rule (681-1396).

The first part of the next hall is dedicated to two traditional livelihoods of the Bulgarians: agriculture and cattle breeding (mainly sheep and goat breeding). Presented are:

  • tools for manual tillage, as well as samples of major agricultural crops grown in the  region;
  • traditional tools and containers for milk processing, as well as household items (including leisure) of cattle breeders;

In the second part of the hall there are traditional appliances and utensils for initial food preparation The collection of traditional clothing from Zlatograd and the region has a special place here. The women's festive costumes make a very strong impression, among which the unique one-apron costume stands out - a model of the oldest type of women's clothing.

Александрови къщиThe second floor of the "Alexander's house" consists of a spacious hall, two rooms and a corner. In the hall, there are arranged typical for the Middle Rhodopes jewelry and ritual props (with the relevant local features). Naturally, women's jewelry (mostly made of silver alloys) predominates.

Традиционни накитиOnly here - in a Bulgarian museum collection - you can see a traditional hat made of women's costume with a full set of metal ornaments to it. The representative jewelry "muska with cuttings" is especially remembered.

 

 

 

 

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СтанTrue admiration is aroused by the magnificent skill and innate artistic sense of the Bulgarian women, shown in the preparation of the usual bride's chaise ("ruba").

There is also a panel of traditional women's socks, whose combined multicolored components have ancient magical symbolism.

In the first room there is a vertical loom for large mats and duvets (made of wool and goat fur). This loom is the oldest type in the history of mankind in general. And again it should be pointed out that such a museum exhibit does not exist elsewhere in Bulgaria. It can only be watched live here.

The second room recreates a traditional setting for Zlatograd - in the second half of the nineteenth - early twentieth century. With its versatility, it replaces a modern apartment - it is both a bedroom, a kitchen, a room for raising a baby and a study.

 

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